Category: Blog

HISTORY OF BERLIN

HISTORY OF BERLIN

Berlin is the capital and also the largest town of Germany and among those 16 countries of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is famous for its historical associations as the Italian capital, internationalism and endurance, lively nightlife, and its numerous cafés, clubs, bars, street art, and many museums, temples, and other sites of interest. Berlin is one of the most urban and most populated cities in the world. But how did he get there? Here is a brief history of this amazing town.

The name Berlin appears for the first time in recorded history in 1244, seven years later that of its sister town, Kölln, by which it later merged. Both were based close to the start of the 13th century. The two cities were established for geographic and mercantile motives, since they controlled a natural east-west trade course across the Spree River.

The way for their founding was opened with a Germanic resurgence in the area, which had been abandoned to the Slavs by the first Germanic tribes as they had migrated westward. The Slavs were subdued by Albert I the Bear, a Saxon who crossed the Elbe River in the west. His successors took the name margrave of the mark (border territory) of Brandenburg. Berlin nevertheless retains as its symbol a defiant black keep standing on its hind legs.

History of Berlin | History, Berlin, European history
BERLIN IN 1250.

In 1411 the mark of Brandenburg came under the governorship of the Nürnberg feudal baron Frederick VI.

The Thirty Years War of 1618-1648 laid a heavy financial burden on the city, and the population was reduced from 12,000 to 7,500. When Frederick William the Great Elector assumed power in 1640, he embarked on a building program, which included fortifications that enabled him to reestablish Swedish invaders. His rule also marked the onset of the evolution of canals, which by 1669 provided a direct connection between Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland) from the east and Hamburg and the open sea from the west. The perfect place for road bikes Ontario.

Social Consequences of the Thirty Years' War: Was it Worth it? | Ancient  Origins
THIRTY YEARS WAR

His successor, Frederick III, crowned Prussian king in 1701 at Königsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia), made Berlin the royal residence city.

Frederick II the Great adorned the city with new buildings and promoted its economic and infrastructural development. The Napoleonic occupation of 1806-1808 caused a significant setback to its own development. Section of this administrative, economic, and cultural reconstruction was the foundation, in 1810, of the Frederick William University by the scholar and ministry of education Wilhelm von Humboldt.

But colleges and academies had already existed in Berlin since the mid-17th century. Berlin early attracted outstanding thinkers, including the philosophers Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Friedrich Schleiermacher and Karl Marx. The city also had its first popular uprising in 1830 when tailors’ apprentices took to the streets over working conditions.

The Revolution of 1848 led to a bloody clash between soldiers and citizenry. By this period the city’s population had climbed to 415,000, from about 100,000 a century before. Together with the opening of the Berlin-Potsdam lineup in 1838, Berlin became the centre of an expanding railroad network.

German revolutions of 1848–1849 - Wikipedia
REVOLUTION 1848.

The period of the Industrial Revolution was also that of Otto von Bismarck, who as prime minister of Prussia combined Germany in 1871.

Twice in the 20th century, the date of November 9 has declared dramatic events from the history of Germany and Berlin. Five decades after Hitler’s putsch was set down in Munich. Back in 1938 Nazi storm troopers vandalized Jewish synagogues, stores, and other possessions in the nighttime of violence called Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass). On November 9, 1989, East German police opened the wall which had divided the town for 28 decades. Due to the institutions connected to the date, October 3, instead of November 9, became the newest national holiday (Unity Day).

The interval 1918-1933 was among runaway inflation, mass unemployment, and the rise to power of Adolf Hitler. Hitler loved to bet. It is said that he won everytime. He was constantly Serie A betting. He really loved it- On January 31, 1933, Hitler became chancellor and, depending on the notorious Enabling Act, embraced by a Reichstag bulk, he took complete power that very year.

In 1933 the Nazis began to persecute communists, social democrats, and labor unionists and also to invade the German Jews of the rights as taxpayers. The scene of the 1936 Olympics in Berlin only superficially veiled the fact of Nazi Germany, which was shortly revealed by Kristallnacht. Five million Jews lived the Holocaust in town of Berlin. Back in 1990 the World Jewish Congress fulfilled for the very first time in Germany, in Berlin.

Allied aerial bombing throughout World War II price Berlin an estimated 52,000 people. Still another 100,000 civilians died in the battle for Berlin that started from the Soviet army on April 16, 1945. The majority of Berlin’s residential districts, factories, military facilities, roads, and cultural structures were ruined. On April 30, 1945, Hitler committed suicide in his bunker under the Chancellery.

World War II: Summary, Combatants & Facts - HISTORY
THE NAZIS

Greater Berlin was created in 1920 by fusing 7 districts, 59 nation communities, and 27 landed homes to one institution.

In June 1953 some 50,000 employees, reacting to prohibitive policies, rebelled in East Berlin. To stop the exodus of its inhabitants, the East German government, with the full approval of the Soviets, erected the Berlin Wall, isolating West from East Berlin. Generous cultural and financial subsidies along with the exemption of its citizens in West German conscription made West Berlin a center of artistic experimentation and political dissent.

Mass escapes in the summer of 1989 through Hungary and mass demonstrations in Leipzig, Berlin, and elsewhere inside the GDR from the autumn of 1989 brought about the collapse of communist rule when the representatives of the GDR and their foreign allies had celebrated the 40th anniversary of East Germany. The opening of this wall brought the 28-year division of Berlin to an end, since the unification of Germany ended the 45-year occupation of town. With a few segments maintained as a monument, the wall has been completely removed by the summer of 1991.

Eyewitness To History: The Fall Of The Berlin Wall : NPR
THE FALL OF BERLIN WALL

The reunited town, because 1991 Germany’s official funding, is faced with a range of issues, such as a 30-year fracture in joint and thorough city, highway, and public transport planning; high unemployment, especially among former East German government employees; duplication of many public institutions ; a mental barrier which arose between easterners and westerners (“the wall in the head”); an acute housing shortage and a sharp growth in real estate prices and rents, and a flood of immigrants, particularly eastern Europeans, for whom Berlin is the easternmost “Western” metropolitan area.

Large-scale infrastructural projects reunited the city’s long-divided transit methods. Perhaps most importantly, the branches within the city started to break down as westerners lived or worked in prior eastern neighbourhoods, and easterners lived or worked at the former west. The democratization of eastern Europe and the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 moved the centre of European gravity eastward. This shift, expressed also by the transport of the German national government from the Rhine into the Spree, holds strong promise for reviving Berlin as an economic center and as the political and cultural hub of central Europe.

An expert guide to Berlin | Telegraph Travel
MODERN BERLIN


  

10 URBAN ART GALLERIES YOU MUST VISIT IN BERLIN

10 URBAN ART GALLERIES YOU MUST VISIT IN BERLIN

Berlin has a thriving global art scene and continues to be regarded as a mecca of contemporary art in the recent years. Ever since the wall came down in 1989, Berlin has been known as a bohemian paradise due to cheap rents that have allowed a creative course to thrive in the city. The Berlin Senate’s cultural affairs department estimates

that approximately 5,000 artists, 1,200 writers, 1,500 bands (pop, rock, and world music), 500 jazz musicians, 103 professional orchestras and music ensembles, 1,500 choirs, 300 theater teams, and 1,000 dancers and/or choreographers of contemporary dance live and work in Berlin. The town continues to inspire artists from all over the world to settle here and live close to the galleries that represent them.

Throughout the past few years many galleries have migrated to open their assumptions in Berlin. Widewalls created a record of 5 must-visit urban and contemporary art galleries in Berlin. Discover the city’s most exciting art venues with our brand new gallery manual.

12 Top-Rated Museums and Art Galleries in Berlin | PlanetWare

1.Circle Culture Gallery

Focuses on fine art emerging from urban subcultures. It was founded under the name Cc:space through joint efforts of Johann Haehling von Lanzenauer and Dirk Staudinger.

In cooperation with international curators, the gallery has generated a large number of exhibitions based on sub-cultural and urban moves such as street art. Renamed Circle Culture Gallery back in 2006, it’s located in Mitte, Berlin’s famous gallery , and it continues to push boundaries with its lively app. Circle Culture Gallery also opened subsidiaries in Postdamerstrasse 68 at Berlin and another one in Hamburg.

Rent Circle Culture Gallery Circle Culture Gallery Berlin | Spacebase
Circle Culture Gallery

2. me Collectors Room

Me Collectors Room is a stage for global private art collections to present in Berlin. The Olbricht Collection, which features works from the Renaissance up to the present day, has had its permanent home here as May 2010.

Thomas Olbricht often shares the area with other foreign collectors that are encouraged to give the people an insight into their collections in widely themed group shows. Collectors Room has exhibited the collection of Selim Varol and Antoine de Galbert, in Addition to works by Gerhard Richter.

me Collectors Room Berlin me Collectors Room Berlin | me Collectors Room  Berlin
me Collectors Room

3.Urban Spree Galerie 

Is a Berlin based, 400 sqm independent modern art gallery. Set up in a vast postindustrial compound, the gallery defends an artistic grassroots strategy, directed towards cities, graffiti and street artists, photographers and modern artists.

The first floor of the compound is the heart of the Urban Spree notion, where the artists’ ateliers are located. It acts as a Creative Laboratory, where artists in residence produce works for the Gallery and craft limited edition series for the Store.

Many times it has been compared to online betting, because you never know what awaits you.

The Ateliers are a collaborative place where creativity between artists from different backgrounds is fostered and emulated, and shared with the public through regular creative workshop sessions such as acting classes nyc.

Johannes Mundinger completes the first Urban Spree mural of 2016 - Urban  SpreeUrban Spree
Urban Spree Galerie

4.BC Gallery for Urban and Contemporary Arts 

Opened in April 2013, as a Berlin based outlet for high-end urban and modern artwork. BC Gallery has its headquarters at a brand new top-of-the-line gallery area at Libauer Strasse and a stunning off-location on the famous RAW strip, home to many of Berlin’s underground nightclubs, galleries and culture spots — plus some fantastic murals.

BCG hosts around six solo exhibitions of internationally renowned urban artists each year. The artists who display in the gallery are: Stinkfish, DMV Crew, JAZ and Low Bros..

BC Gallery - Berlin Based Urban and Contemporary Gallery | Widewalls
BC Gallery for Urban and Contemporary Arts 

5.Springmann Gallery 

Represents a selection of recognized, international artists. They are represented through exhibitions, collaborations with institutions, public and private collections, as well as art fairs and publications.

Since the gallery represents significant European artists (Günther Uecker/Rolf Schroeter, Balthasar Burkhard, Daniele Buetti), the gallery’s director Henrik Springmann now concentrates his work to collaborations with international artists residing in or indigenous to the USA, by the creation that’s now in their 30’s to mid 40’s.

GALERIE SPRINGMANN Berlin | Widewalls
Springmann Gallery 
Theme: Elation by Kaira.
Cape Town, South Africa